1 a collection containing a variety of sorts of things; "a great assortment of cars was on display"; "he had a variety of disorders"; "a veritable smorgasbord of religions" [syn: mixture, mixed bag, miscellany, miscellanea, variety, salmagundi, smorgasbord, potpourri, motley]
2 the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type [syn: categorization, categorisation, classification, compartmentalization, compartmentalisation]
- A collection of
varying but related items.
- This box has an assortment of chocolates, there's a picture on the cover so you know which is which.
Ébauche is a French term meaning "outline" or "blank", also referred to in English as: movement-blank, referring to the basic parts of a watch movement. (The oil painter's ébauche, a kind of underpainting, is not treated in this entry.)
OverviewIn horology the term refers to an incomplete watch movement. The French term is regularly used by English-speaking horologists and hobbyists.
Until about 1850, the watch-maker's ébauche consisted only of the bottom plate, bars, fusee, and barrel.
In the early nineteenth Century, the ébauche was made up of two plates with pillars and bars, the barrel, fusee, index, click and ratchet-wheel, and a few assembling screws. These parts were all roughly filed and milled. The steel and brass were manufactured in special workshop. The ébauche was finished by watchmakers in the finishing-shops. Then came the application of the industrial revolution at the Waltham Watch Company, founded by Aaron Lufkin Dennison, and the development of the American System of Watch Manufacturing, establishing the base of modern watch manufacture.
AssortimentThe assortiment (literally "assortment" in English) are the parts of a watch other than the ébauche, in particular the regulating organs and include the balance, hairspring or spiral, escape wheel, anchor lever and pallet stones or jewels. The modern ébauche is a jeweled watch movement, without its regulating organs, mainspring, dial, or hands.
Historic producers of ébauchesHistoric producers of ébauche movements have included companies such as, A. Schild, Peseux, Fabrique d'Horlogerie de Fontainemelon (FHF), Landeron, Valjoux, Venus, France Ébauches and Lemania. Many of these producers have gone out of businesses over the past few decades, succumbing to the Quartz Revolution. Most were unable to compete with the inexpensive electronic movements produced by Asian manufacturers, which flooded the market during the 1960s and 1970s.
Those ébauche producers that remain today are almost all owned by ETA, which is a subsidiary of the Swatch Group.
assortment in German: Rohwerk (Uhr)
assortment in French: Ébauche (horlogerie)
assortment in Polish: Asortyment
assortment in Russian: Ассортимент
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